Nobel Prize in Physics 2007 for Giant Magnetoresistance

The Nobel Prize in physics for 2007 has been awarded to Albert Fert and Peter Grünberg . First of all this is very cool, because (1) condensed matter physicist never get enough respect IMHO and (2) once again the physics Nobel goes to a piece of physics research whose exciting use is…information technology :) Giant magnetoresistance forms the basis for magnetic field reading heads in our hard drives, albeit in a slightly different form than that of the original discovery work for which the Nobel prize was awarded.

The basic idea of the GMR effect can be explained by a very simplistic model. First you need to know what to compare to, i.e. what is ordinary magnetoresistance. Ordinary magnetoresistance is simply the change of electrical resistance to a current flowing through a material in response to an applied magnetic field. This effect was first discovered way back in 1856 by Lord Kelvin (you can see the paper here if you have the proper insitution subscription.) But the effect is rather small, with changes of only about five percent or so possible (the effect is usually also anisotropic, having a differing magnitude depending on what direction the current is in comparison to the magnet field.)

Okay, now with ordinary magnetoresistance down, onward and upward to giant magnetoresistance. Suppose you have two ferromagnetic metals separated by a nonmagnetic layer only a few atoms thick. Then, under the proper circumstance, there is an antiferromagnetic coupling between these two materials. This means that the two layers will allign their spin in different directions, call one spin up and one spin down. Well this is what will happen at zero external magnetic field. If you crank up a magnetic field, then this external field will overwelm this antiferromagnetic coupling and both layers will allign in the same direction.

Okay so what does this have to do with resistance? Well in a ferromagnetic metal like iron, the spin up and spin down have different resistances. Call the resistance of the spin up [tex]$R_{uparrow}$[/tex] and the resistance of spin down [tex]$R_{downarrow}$[/tex] where “up” and “down” are defined with respect to the magnetic moment of the ferromagnetic material your traveling through.

What does this simple picture mean for the setup we’ve described above? First consider the case where the external magnetic field is zero. Consider a current starting in one ferromagnetic layer, then going through the nonmagnetic spacing layer and coming out in the other ferromagnetic later. In this case, a spin up electron will start in one layer, experiencing a resistance of [tex]$R_{uparrow}$[/tex], it will then traverse the nonmagnetic layer and enter into the other ferromagnetic layer. But remember at zero field, this layer has a magnetic moment pointing in the opposite direction. So the spin up electron, spin up relative to the first layer, will now experience a resistance as if it was a spin down electron in the first layer, [tex]$R_{downarrow}$[/tex]. Reistances add in series, so the total resistance for this spin up electron will be [tex]$R_{uparrow}+R_{downarrow}[/tex]. A spin down electron in the first layer will similarly experience the same resistance (in the opposite order, but reistance commutes :) ) [tex]$R_{uparrow}+R_{downarrow}[/tex]. A current coming from and leaving to a non-ferromagnetic layer can be thought of as splitting into the spin up or spin down currents and then experiencing these two resistances, now in series. Thus the total resistance when the external magnetic field is [tex]${1 over 2}(R_{uparrow}+R_{downarrow})[/tex].

Okay what about when there is a magnetic field. Well now a spin up always experiences the same resistance in both layers, so the resistance for this current will be [tex]$2R_{uparrow}$[/tex]. Similarly a spin down electron will experience the same resistance in both layers, [tex]$2R_{downarrow}$[/tex]. Combining these in parallel gives, [tex]$2 R_{uparrow} R_{downarrow} over (R_{uparrow}+R_{downarrow})$[/tex].

Okay so now we can figure out what the change in resistance is between there being an external magnetic field and there not being an external magnetic field. It is just the difference of the two resistances we just derived, i.e.
[tex]$Delta R={2 R_{uparrow} R_{downarrow} over (R_{uparrow}+R_{downarrow})}-{1 over 2}(R_{uparrow}+R_{downarrow})=-{1 over 2} {(R_{uparrow}-R_{downarrow})^2 over (R_{uparrow}+R_{downarrow})}$[/tex].
So now we see that the larger the difference between the two resistances, the larger the change in the resistance is, i.e. the larger giant magnetic resistance is. What has happened, of course, is that in the case of zero external magnetic field, any electron must traverse a bad region where its resistance is the higher of the two resistances, thus creating a high resistance. When an external magnetic field is applied, however, there are now pathways where the electron only travels through the low restistance pathway, thus lowering the resistance. This is the origin of giant magnetoresistance.

By the way, there are even larger magnetoresistances possible. Since “giant” has already been taken, these are called “colossal” magnetoresistance. While the effects for colossal magnetoresistance are even larger, these results haven’t made their way into technology because of the large magnetic fields needed to induce the effects. And, interstingly, last I remember there wasn’t a consensus on what causes colossal magnetoresistance (allthough some quick googling leads me to here for some very recent interesting work.)

Anyway, happy times for the Nobel prize winners and thanks to them for the discovery that led directly to my hard drive being so big! Err, I mean small. Okay: dense!

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12 Responses to Nobel Prize in Physics 2007 for Giant Magnetoresistance

  1. Jon says:

    I have giant magentoresistance (sic), too. I mean, I won’t even eat beets.

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  2. Dave Bacon says:

    Doh, fixed.

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  3. AGeek says:

    Shouldn’t it be “colossal” magnetoresistance? “Collosal” makes me think of glue.

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  4. Dave Bacon says:

    Me fail English? Thats unpossible.

    Doh. Fixed.

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  5. saad says:

    makes the thing easy

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  6. kefayat says:

    difficult to understand however its big job

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  7. kefayat says:

    uneasy to understand

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  8. S.Nandakumar says:

    Sir,
    I have applied long back the GMR theory for solar electron scattering on the planetary boudaries with reference to pole axis/real axis of rotaion to deal with twelve type gravity differtential base of the root locus dampness/jw frequency curve od the planetary boudaries as astrogeneticist,along qudra pole electron differentiation solar spectrum interact with Es cells for a mutation .This gave me further clue on laser coded biostimulation using heluim ray crystal lased Gluuber spectrum for stem cell correction by radiation therapy.Kindly refer my papers submitted to Oxford laser physics dn and fecilitate file attachment to submit my papers.Solar rays GMR squeezed on the planetary boundaries in fact originate from the solar rays emission that differ according to the gravity plane as fire affined,earth affined ,air and water affined in understanding the GMR.Kindly attach me with a reseach professor for further discussion please.Thanking you
    cheironandakumar@gamil.com on behalf of Astro genetic dn,Oxford laser physics dn,uk

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  9. S.Nandakumar says:

    Kindly fecilitate my file attachment please

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  10. Arslan says:

    Excellent explanation. Easy to understand..

    And wats the comment on solar electron scattering about?? is it english?

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  11. Sankara Velayudhan Nandakumar says:

    Water affined genes:
    The vomeronasal organ comprises a pair of narrow tubes in the mammalian nasal septum, serving as a chemosensory system for pheromones. We examined the expression and localization of water channel aquaporins (AQPs) in the rat vomeronasal organ. AQP1 was localized in blood vessels, being particularly abundant in cavernous tissues of the nonsensory mucosa. AQP5 was found in the apical membrane of the gland acinar cells in the vomeronasal organ. AQP3 was detected in the basal cells of the nonsensory epithelium, whereas it was absent in the sensory epithelium. AQP4 was found in both the sensory and the nonsensory epithelia. Interestingly, AQP4 was highly concentrated in the sensory cells of the sensory epithelium. Immunoelectron microscopic examination clearly showed that AQP4 was localized at the plasma membrane in the cell body and lateral membrane of the dendrite, except for the microvillous apical membrane. Nerve fiber bundles emanating from neuronal sensory cells were positive for AQP4, whereby the plasma membrane of each axon was positive for AQP4. These observations clearly show that neuronal sensory cells in the vomeronasal organ are unique in that they express abundant AQP4 at their plasma membrane. This is in marked contrast to the olfactory and central nervous systems, where AQPs are not detectable in neurons, and instead, AQP4 is abundant in the supporting cells and astrocytes surrounding them. The present findings suggest a unique water-handling feature in neuronal sensory cells in the vomeronasal organ.Such water affined indication has been evolved by the travel line ejected from life line along the palne of hologram base information of solar magnetic filed symmetry breaking Nambu oscillations inherited by water affined genes.
    The travel line ending in a CROSS on the lunar mount to deal with water affined catastrophe as indicated in case of W.T.Stead ,the journalist of “Review of Reviewers” with the hand of Lady doffgradenMore who had SQUARE at the end of travel line is considered as a protective sign indicating the water affined genes of cross oscillation towards square oscillation as the solar magnetic field of exotic phase changing symmetry oscillates between june-july for genetic symmetry breaking may be dealt with based on our research works carried as part of astro genetics may be dealt with in future. The exotic phase changing water affined emissions while the sun moves through Cancer,Scorpio,Pisces to deal with quasinatured fermion-boson oscillation dynamics that deals with a deviation from Bose Einstein condensation and relative stimulations in water affined genes requires a deep study. On the defense side this information gives a clue on laser stimulated biostimulation involved in water affined genes to deal with astro genetic implications along the plane of palm print as hologram.
    Oxford-Hubble Anna University Research team has come out with surprising rotating jump over resonance symmetry breaking magneto optic quantum sectors of space over which the planets spin for typical spin resonances and relative emissions. An interesting jump over resonances for magneto optic quantum sectors over which the planets spin over for differentiated resonance change over and related emissions along the plane of hologram is application teleportation dynamics. Sun as a source of hologram oscillate along symmetry breaking jump over frequency of resonances break up for 12 magneto optic quantum sector of space responsible for ever rotating solar magnetic field emissions along the special plane of hologram over which planetary boundaries spin for differentiated dampness-frequency gluon quark spins.
    Palm print indicating Pendulosung optical feedback system
    Evaluated in Genetic mirror
    Jump resonance is a phenomenon where smooth changes in the input of a nonlinear filter lead to abrupt changes in its output. For over 50 years, research has defined the region of operation where jump resonance can occur so that this region may be avoided by limiting the signal amplitude of operation. As the frequency is increased the amplitude increase to appoint and further increase in the frequency will cause a jump accompanying changes in amplitude and phase. This change over along the frequency—dampness between positive/negative frequency dampness as varied along the four quadrants forming a shift between a hard and soft spring symmetric oscillations for break at critical points. This paper provides an intuitive understanding of jump resonance and predicts the behavior of the system in the jump resonance regime, the fundamental U(2n) must have half –integral spin absent at Pisces, but available at Cancer and Scorpio and sub group SU(2) is activated.
    Solar magnetic field dynamics resonate for super conductive effects as the sun moves through cancer, as leading quasi half spin over and full spin resonances, leading half spin at Scorpio and leading full spin at Pisces with some ratio of boson: fermion resonances typically enhancing full spin polarization water affined dynamics graphically represented showing the differentiable solar magnetic field associated by phonon interactive dynamics for typical gluon spin outputs. The more complex system like helium 3 there are variety of collective modes involving four bosonic and four fermionic operators thus acting as ladder operators as the system goes for spontaneous charge symmetry breaking thus induces a broken symmetry.
    Out of s pairing as collectivepairing of three low energy excitations of Goldstone Inmode is for the weak coupling limit on quasi electron and the amplitude( the first case mars is a fall ,second case moon is a fall and the third case Mercury is a fall. This means the first quadrant predominance in the first case. The catastrophe of water affined cross resonance is activated by the cross at the end of travel line as indicated on the palm print relatively
    The catastrophe of water affined cross resonance is activated by the cross at the end of travel line as indicated on the palm print.
    Palmistry is true science based on the solar magnetic field symmetry breaking oscillations and relative emissions stimulated in genes-reg
    Palmistry is true science along the plane of solar magnetic field oscillate along Nambu’s symmetry breaking emissions that stimulates genes along the plane of hologram.
    The travel line ending in a CROSS on the lunar mount to deal with water affined catastrophe as indicated in case of W.T.Stead ,the journalist of “Review of Reviewers” with the hand of Lady Doff Gordon …
    More who had SQUARE at the end of travel line is considered as a protective sign indicating the water affined genes of cross oscillation towards square oscillation as the solar magnetic field of exotic phase changing symmetry oscillates between june-july for genetic symmetry breaking may be dealt with based on our research works carried as part of astro genetics may be dealt with in future. The exotic phase changing water affined emissions while the sun moves through cancer,Scorpio,Pisces to deal with quasinatured fermion-boson oscillation dynamics that deals with a deviation from Bose Einstein condensation and relative stimulations in water affined genes requires a deep study. On the defense side this information gives a clue on laser stimulated biostimulation involved in water affined genes to deal with astro genetic implications along the plane of palm print as hologram.
    Oxford-Hubble Anna University Research team has come out with surprising rotating jump over resonance symmetry breaking magneto optic quantum sectors of space over which the planets spin for typical spin resonances and relative emissions. An interesting jump over resonances for magneto optic quantum sectors over which the planets spin over for differentiated resonance change over and related emissions along the plane of hologram is application teleportation dynamics. Sun as a source of hologram oscillate along symmetry breaking jump over frequency of resonances break up for 12 magneto optic quantum sector of space responsible for ever rotating solar magnetic field emissions along the special plane of hologram over which planetary boundaries spin for differentiated dampness-frequency gluon quark spins.
    Pendulosung optical feedback system evaluated in Genetic mirror
    Jump resonance is a phenomenon where smooth changes in the input of a nonlinear filter lead to abrupt changes in its output. For over 50 years, research has defined the region of operation where jump resonance can occur so that this region may be avoided by limiting the signal amplitude of operation. As the frequency is increased the amplitude increase to appoint and further increase in the frequency will cause a jump accompanying changes in amplitude and phase. This change over along the frequency—dampness between positive/negative frequency dampness as varied along the four quadrants forming a shift between a hard and soft spring symmetric oscillations for break at critical points. This paper provides an intuitive understanding of jump resonance and predicts the behavior of the system in the jump resonance regime, the fundamental U(2n) must have half –integral spin absent at Pisces, but available at Cancer and Scorpio and sub group SU(2) is activated.
    Solar magnetic field dynamics resonate for super conductive effects as the sun moves through cancer, as leading quasi half spin over and full spin resonances, leading half spin at Scorpio and leading full spin at Pisces with some ratio of boson: fermion resonances typically enhancing full spin polarization water affined dynamics graphically represented showing the differentiable solar magnetic field associated by phononas interactive dynamics for typical gluon spin outputs. The more complex system like helium 3 there are variety of collective modes involving four bosonic and four fermionic operators thus acting as ladder operators as the system goes for spontaneous charge symmetry breaking thus induces a broken symmetry.
    Out of s pairing as collectivepairing of three low energy excitations of Goldstone Inmode is for the weak coupling limit on quasi electron and the amplitude( the first case mars is a fall ,second case moon is a fall and the third case Mercury is a fall. This means the first quadrant predominance in the first case. The catastrophe of water affined cross resonance is activated by the cross at the end of travel line as indicated on the palm print relatively
    The catastrophe of water affined cross resonance is activated by the cross at the end of travel line as indicated on the palm print.
    Palmistry is true science based on the solar magnetic field symmetry breaking oscillations and relative emissions stimulated in genes-reg
    Palmistry is true science along the plane of solar magnetic field oscillate along Nambu’s symmetry breaking emissions that stimulates genes along the plane of hologram.
    The travel line ending in a CROSS on the lunar mount to deal with water affined catastrophe as indicated in case of W.T.Stead ,the journalist of “Review of Reviewers” with the hand of Lady Doff Gordon …
    More who had SQUARE at the end of travel line is considered as a protective sign indicating the water affined genes of cross oscillation towards square oscillation as the solar magnetic field of exotic phase changing symmetry oscillates between june-july for genetic symmetry breaking may be dealt with based on our research works carried as part of astro genetics may be dealt with in future. The exotic phase changing water affined emissions while the sun moves through cancer,Scorpio,Pisces to deal with quasinatured fermion-boson oscillation dynamics that deals with a deviation from Bose Einstein condensation and relative stimulations in water affined genes requires a deep study. On the defense side this information gives a clue on laser stimulated biostimulation involved in water affined genes to deal with astro genetic implications along the plane of palm print as hologram.
    Oxford-Hubble Anna University Research team has come out with surprising rotating jump over resonance symmetry breaking magneto optic quantum sectors of space over which the planets spin for typical spin resonances and relative emissions. An interesting jump over resonances for magneto optic quantum sectors over which the planets spin over for differentiated resonance change over and related emissions along the plane of hologram is application teleportation dynamics. Sun as a source of hologram oscillate along symmetry breaking jump over frequency of resonances break up for 12 magneto optic quantum sector of space responsible for ever rotating solar magnetic field emissions along the special plane of hologram over which planetary boundaries spin for differentiated dampness-frequency gluon quark spins.
    Pendulosung optical feedback system evaluated in Genetic mirror
    Jump resonance is a phenomenon where smooth changes in the input of a nonlinear filter lead to abrupt changes in its output. For over 50 years, research has defined the region of operation where jump resonance can occur so that this region may be avoided by limiting the signal amplitude of operation. As the frequency is increased the amplitude increase to appoint and further increase in the frequency will cause a jump accompanying changes in amplitude and phase. This change over along the frequency—dampness between positive/negative frequency dampness as varied along the four quadrants forming a shift between a hard and soft spring symmetric oscillations for break at critical points. This paper provides an intuitive understanding of jump resonance and predicts the behavior of the system in the jump resonance regime, the fundamental U(2n) must have half –integral spin absent at Pisces, but available at Cancer and Scorpio and sub group SU(2) is activated.
    Solar magnetic field dynamics resonate for super conductive effects as the sun moves through cancer, as leading quasi half spin over and full spin resonances, leading half spin at Scorpio and leading full spin at Pisces with some ratio of boson: fermion resonances typically enhancing full spin polarization water affined dynamics graphically represented showing the differentiable solar magnetic field associated by phononas interactive dynamics for typical gluon spin outputs. The more complex system like helium 3 there are variety of collective modes involving four bosonic and four fermionic operators thus acting as ladder operators as the system goes for spontaneous charge symmetry breaking thus induces a broken symmetry.
    Out of s pairing as collectivepairing of three low energy excitations of Goldstone Inmode is for the weak coupling limit on quasi electron and the amplitude( the first case mars is a fall ,second case moon is a fall and the third case Mercury is a fall. This means the first quadrant predominance in the first case. The catastrophe of water affined cross resonance is activated by the cross at the end of travel line as indicated on the palm print relatively
    The catastrophe of water affined cross resonance is activated by the cross at the end of travel line as indicated on the palm print.
    Palmistry is true science based on the solar magnetic field symmetry breaking oscillations and relative emissions stimulated in genes-reg
    Palmistry is true science along the plane of solar magnetic field oscillate along Nambu’s symmetry breaking emissions that stimulates genes along the plane of hologram.
    The travel line ending in a CROSS on the lunar mount to deal with water affined catastrophe as indicated in case of W.T.Stead ,the journalist of “Review of Reviewers” with the hand of Lady Doff Gordon …
    More who had SQUARE at the end of travel line is considered as a protective sign indicating the water affined genes of cross oscillation towards square oscillation as the solar magnetic field of exotic phase changing symmetry oscillates between june-july for genetic symmetry breaking may be dealt with based on our research works carried as part of astro genetics may be dealt with in future. The exotic phase changing water affined emissions while the sun moves through cancer,Scorpio,Pisces to deal with quasinatured fermion-boson oscillation dynamics that deals with a deviation from Bose Einstein condensation and relative stimulations in water affined genes requires a deep study. On the defense side this information gives a clue on laser stimulated biostimulation involved in water affined genes to deal with astro genetic implications along the plane of palm print as hologram.
    Oxford-Hubble Anna University Research team has come out with surprising rotating jump over resonance symmetry breaking magneto optic quantum sectors of space over which the planets spin for typical spin resonances and relative emissions. An interesting jump over resonances for magneto optic quantum sectors over which the planets spin over for differentiated resonance change over and related emissions along the plane of hologram is application teleportation dynamics. Sun as a source of hologram oscillate along symmetry breaking jump over frequency of resonances break up for 12 magneto optic quantum sector of space responsible for ever rotating solar magnetic field emissions along the special plane of hologram over which planetary boundaries spin for differentiated dampness-frequency gluon quark spins.
    Pendulosung optical feedback system evaluated in Genetic mirror
    Jump resonance is a phenomenon where smooth changes in the input of a nonlinear filter lead to abrupt changes in its output. For over 50 years, research has defined the region of operation where jump resonance can occur so that this region may be avoided by limiting the signal amplitude of operation. As the frequency is increased the amplitude increase to appoint and further increase in the frequency will cause a jump accompanying changes in amplitude and phase. This change over along the frequency—dampness between positive/negative frequency dampness as varied along the four quadrants forming a shift between a hard and soft spring symmetric oscillations for break at critical points. This paper provides an intuitive understanding of jump resonance and predicts the behavior of the system in the jump resonance regime, the fundamental U(2n) must have half –integral spin absent at Pisces, but available at Cancer and Scorpio and sub group SU(2) is activated.
    Solar magnetic field dynamics resonate for super conductive effects as the sun moves through cancer, as leading quasi half spin over and full spin resonances, leading half spin at Scorpio and leading full spin at Pisces with some ratio of boson: fermion resonances typically enhancing full spin polarization water affined dynamics graphically represented showing the differentiable solar magnetic field associated by phononas interactive dynamics for typical gluon spin outputs. The more complex system like helium 3 there are variety of collective modes involving four bosonic and four fermionic operators thus acting as ladder operators as the system goes for spontaneous charge symmetry breaking thus induces a broken symmetry.
    Out of s pairing as collectivepairing of three low energy excitations of Goldstone Inmode is for the weak coupling limit on quasi electron and the amplitude( the first case mars is a fall ,second case moon is a fall and the third case Mercury is a fall. This means the first quadrant predominance in the first case. The catastrophe of water affined cross resonance is activated by the cross at the end of travel line as indicated on the palm print relatively
    The catastrophe of water affined cross resonance is activated by the cross at the end of travel line as indicated on the palm print.

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  12. Sankara Velayudhan Nandakumar says:

    Helium crystal lased biostimulation codes for genetic corrections along with stem cell injections based on the palm print formation immediately after zygotic rendezvou-reg
    Marshall Nirenberg, Forgotten Father of the Genetic Code, Dies:Nirenberg won the Nobel Prize in 1968 for deciphering the genetic code—a discovery that never did for Nirenberg what the double-helix did for James Watson and Francis Crick, although it probably should have further research contributions which is still pending based on the solar magnetic field induced genetic corrections required.
    The genetic code refers to the sequence of nucleotides (such as adenine, thymine, guanine and cytosine, or A,C,T and G) that serve as the instructions for making amino acids, the building blocks of life. It takes three nucleotides (a “codon”) to make one amino acid—but which three, and for which amino acids? In 1961, Nirenberg experimented with RNA, where uracil stands in for thymine, and cracked the code for the amino acid phenylalanine: UUU became the first word in the chemical dictionary of life.
    Hands and palm prints are immediately formed in the embryo while it is a few weeks old. They are the first genetic print available and helium laser biostimulation codes to be formulated based on the solar magnetic field variations and relative valley reflective emissions to be compared in crystal lasing and symmetry breaking dynamics Giant magnetoresistance. Suppose you have two ferromagnetic metals separated by a nonmagnetic layer only a few atoms thick. Then, under the proper circumstance, there is an antiferromagnetic coupling between these two materials. This means that the two layers will allign their spin in different directions, call one spin up and one spin down. Well this is what will happen at zero external magnetic field. If you crank up a magnetic field, then this external field will overwhelm this anti-ferromagnetic coupling and both layers will allign in the same direction. It is the duty of the astro geneticist, biomedical, medical geneticist to find a solution at the breaking point of vital lines indicating immune resistivity failure and declination for an immediate solution.
    Light signaling offers higher bandwidth for electronic circuitry. Encoding information in the form of light pulses rather than as electric pulses allows more data to flow down a line. Robotic optic fiber principal achievement was in making the fiber more efficient; by excluding impurities in the fiber material, he developed a material that absorbed less of the light carrying signals over long distances.Helium crystal lased digital coded biostimulation make the Robotic for self controlled dynamics
    Development of intelligent controllers for tracking problems in robotics
    The research will be supervised by Dr. Adel Merabet, Mechatronics Laboratory. Dr. Merabet’s areas of research include Nonlinear Dynamics and Control, Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, Energy Systems.
    These are challenging research and involve theoretical and experimental work.
    The candidate should have a Bachelor Degree in Mechanical / Electrical Engineering or related fields with a focus on Dynamics, Control, Sensors and Actuators, Robotics.
    Helium crystal stimulated Robotics require an interesting acoustic based brain controlling dynamicsUtilizing the JUNK GENES by using artificial beta ray stimulations –Helium crystal lased bio stimulations (including acoustic optic stimulations) a fiber of purest glass it would be possible to transmit light signals over 100 kilometers, compared to only 20 meters for the fibers available in the 1960s. Kao’s enthusiasm inspired other researchers to share his vision of the future potential of fiber optics. The first ultrapure fiber was successfully fabricated just four years later, in 1970.
    A new brain line was simulated later to form in case of famous palmist cheiro, Count Louise Hammon. out of Junk DNA stimulations after his 3o years. Oxford –Cambridge – Anna astro geneticists group have evaluated a possible Beat ray stimulations as dramatic gap between brain line and vital line at the beginning observed as a separation in case of actors and actresses .An interesting palm print was that of Hon. William Gladstone grand old prime minister of England as more lines were found to branch out from brain line towards Jupiter mount.
    Genetic mutations that enhance disease resistance or boost fitness in a particular climate have been positively selected over the course of human evolution. But current statistical methods to find these beneficial mutations, or variants, may be possible by mobile stimulations have only been able to home in on areas spanning several genes, which may cover a variety of other functions, as well. A possible beta ray stimulation that improves the memory may be possible. Basically the brain line separated from vital line people must have more dramatic ability by beta ray stimulations. And within these broad swaths of the human genome, there are a number of nonselected, or neutral, variants that also get preferentially inherited because they are on the same chromosome as the selected variant

    Spatial sort light pulses of planetary boundaries stimulating along the plane of hologram DNA pairs with reference to GRP (genetic reference plane )that moves at the rate of 30degrees in every two hours plane as feedback system:
    As is now reported in Science, a team of scientists from the Netherlands (FOM Institute for Atomic and Molecular Physics) and Germany (Max-Planck-Institute of Quantum Optics, Garching and the Universities of Bielefeld and Hamburg) has demonstrated that the detailed shape of the electric field inside a short light pulse can be used to control the motion of electrons involved in chemical bonding and to change the outcome of a simple chemical reaction. This result – obtained on the dissociation of D2 molecules – may open a new way of steering intra-molecular electron transfer processes like those in DNA base-pairs.
    This must have the bearing with planetary emissions of photon spin with reference to position of the sun as solar magnetic field resonance and emissions for stimulating catastrophic genes.
    Control of the electron position in a D2+ molecule: under the influence of a precisely controlled force exerted by an ultrashort, intense phase-controlled laser (red line), the electron (blue cloud) oscillates between the two D+ ions (magenta curve). When the molecule falls apart the electron stays with one of the two D+ ions. The emission direction of the atom that the electron stays with can be chosen with the phase j of the laser. Image: Max Planck Institute for Quantum OpticsIn order to achieve control over single electrons in a bunch, ultrashort light pulses of a few femtoseconds duration are needed. to use light for controlling single, negatively charged elementary particles in a bunch of electrons. The scientists achieved a major milestone that they aimed for within the excellence cluster “Munich Center for Advanced Photonics. It is managed to control and monitor the outer electrons from the valence shell of the complex molecule carbon monoxide (CO) utilizing the electric field waveform of laser pulses. Carbon monoxide has 14 electrons. With increasing number of electrons in the molecule the control over single electrons becomes difficult as their states Control of the electron position in a D2+ molecule: under the influence of a precisely controlled force exerted by an ultrashort, intense phase-controlled laser (red line), the electron (blue cloud) oscillates between the two D+ ions (magenta curve). When the molecule falls apart the electron stays with one of the two D+ ions. The emission direction of the atom that the electron stays with can be chosen with the phase j of the laser. Image: Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics
    Lie energetically very close to each other. Electrons are extremely fast moving particles. In atoms and molecules they move on attosecond timescales. An attosecond is only a billionth of a billionth of a second. With light pulses that last only a few femtoseconds down to attoseconds it is possible to achieve control over these particles and to interact with them on the timescale of their motion. These short light pulses exhibit strong electric and magnetic fields influencing the charged particles. A femtosecond lasts 1000 times longer than an attosecond. In molecules with only a single electron, such as the deuterium molecular ion, their control with such light pulses is relatively easy
    Electrons are extremely fast moving particles. In atoms and molecules they move on attosecond timescales. An attosecond is only a billionth of a billionth of a second. With light pulses that last only a few femtoseconds down to attoseconds it is possible to achieve control over these particles and to interact with them on the timescale of their motion. These short light pulses exhibit strong electric and magnetic fields influencing the charged particles. A femtosecond lasts 1000 times longer than an attosecond. In molecules with only a single electron, such as the deuterium molecular ion, their control with such light pulses is relatively easy.
    Conclusion:There is every possibility that electron split-up may be inversioned as positive and negative dominance as surprisingly quantum mechanical implications and further blackholes quantum dots intereference in genetic symmetry breaking must have strong meaning with reference to future genome projectsof stem cell injections,helium laser crystal lased biostimulations ,and some importance of palm print comparator in squre and cross oscillating resonances and T cell explosions at the meeting point of healthline and life line.evaluation of water ,earth ,air ,fire affined catastrophy of genes especailly cross at the end of travel lines for June-july ,0ct-nov,march -April born people of thrre differentaing bose einstein condensation dynamics of solar magnetic fields based on x-ray polarisation study.
    Research group of Sankara Velayudhan Nandakumar special officer on behalf of Loyola college nano technology dept Cape Institute of Technology,Nagercoil formerly with ,KNSK Engineering college ,Nagercoil as research scholar,Anna University with Hubble space research committee of Hon.Roger Davies,Hon.Collin Webbs FRS of Laser dn of Oxford uk,Hon.Marteen Rees ,Emeritus Professor of cosmology Cambridge ,former president of Royal society, London.
    Sankara Velayudhan Nandakumar member PNAS ,American ,JILA Group member on behalf of Loyola college of Enigineering and technology ,Member PNAS,American committee for the Weizman institute of science ,Energy renovation committee cape Institute of Technology,Nagercoil ,former Guest lecturer ,KNSK Engineering college ,Anna University have surprisingly found out genetic mirror have found out an interesting symmetry breaking from linear resonance to polarization of 69 dynamics must have a meaning over the water affined genes in understanding water affined catastrophe Sankara Velayudhan Nandakumar on behalf of cape Institute of Technology,Nagercoil formerly with ,KNSK Engineering college ,Nagercoil as research scholar,
    Anna University with Hubble space research committee of Hon.Roger Davies,Hon.Collin Webbs FRS of
    Laser dn of Oxford uk,Hon.Marteen Rees ,Emeritus Professor of cosmology Cambridge ,former president of Royal society, London

    Helium crystal lased biostimulation codes for genetic corrections along with stem cell injections based on the palm print formation immediately a… The IEEE Contact Center has received your inquiry and assigned a service request number which is listed below:

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    2) Helium crystal lased biostimulation codes for genetic corrections along with stem cell injections based on the palm print formation immediately afte zygotic rendezvou-reg [Incident: 100123-000087
    news@nature.com

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